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AFRICAN YOUTH PARLIAMENT ADVOCATES RECOGNITION FOR SOMALILAND

 

 

 

PRESS RELEASE ON AYP ADVOCACY VISIT TO THE REPUBLIC OF SOMALILAND BETWEEN 21st TO 25th OF NOVEMBER,2019.

 

 

 

The African Youth Parliament is a continental and youth led organization with Representatives from (54) Sovereign Nations in Africa with Somaliland coming on board as the 55th Member State. It may interest you to know that Asia is also coming on board as a bilateral partner to African Youth Parliament and that explains the engagements of AYP Ambassador to Asia here with us.

African Youth Parliament was founded in 2003 at a meeting convened in Nairobi Kenya with the intent to work towards promoting and advocating for youthful solutions to Africa's fundamental challenges. This is enshrined in our objectives as follows;

To facilitate consultation, expression and action among youths in Africa,

Foster the sharing of information and interaction among youths at international levels;

Promote effective youth participation for Nation building.

Give impetus to and support national and international solidarity by and for youths;

Contribute to the socio-economic integration of young people and the promotion of entrepreneurial,  educational, cultural, sporting and civic values for a better Africa;

Contribute to youth representation in all local, national and international meetings thereby promoting the culture of volunteerism, humanitarian actions and sustainable development.

Promote the development of  girl and young woman for effective participation in community life;

Contribute to the fight against uncivil behavior, discrimination, social marginalizatio,social scourges and poverty among youths in Africa;

Mobilise human, material and financial resources internationally for the accomplishment of its missions.

 

The purpose of  AYP’s visit  was a strategic and assessment/Advocacy on information about the culture, democratic system and quintessential leadership that is innate in the Republic of Somaliland and which could be modeled as a prototype for leadership in the entire African continent. The delegation was made up of  RT. Hon.  Bamikole Oladele Babs, Speaker of AYP from Nigeria, Rt. Hon. Melvin Songwe Shuye the AYP Deputy Speaker Incharge of Central Africa from Cameroon, Hon. Oloja Olanrewaju the AYP Head of Project and Development from Nigeira, Rt.Hon.Omsalama A.A.Mohamed  AYP Deputy Speaker incharge of the East Africa from the Republic Sudan, Hon. Abdirisak Yusuf Jama the AYP Country Representative of the Republic of Somaliland and Ambassaor Diamond Lamichhane Security Adviser/AYP Ambassador to Asia.

 

Historical Perspectives to the Somaliland Struggle

During the "Scramble For Africa" in the 19th century, European powers gradually colonised the Horn of Africa. As a result the Somali nations was divided among five colonial entities,the Italian Somaliland now known as Somalia, French Somaliland now known as Djibouti, British Somaliland now known as the Republic of Somaliland, the Southern Somaliland Communities which became part of Kenya under British rule and the Somali Region in the west which became part of Ethiopia. The colonial borders not considering Somali ethnicity divided this nomadic society between empires as have been done in other parts of the World.

After World War II a period of rapid decolonization began and on 20th June, 1960 Britain grants Somaliland independence, for five days Somaliland existed as an independent Sovereign State. Somaliland then chose to unite with Somalia in pursuit of the elusive dreams of a "Greater Somalia" which would have united all Somali Communities based on the claims that such nation existed until the 19th century.

 

The Act of Union and the Proclamation of the Somali Republic were however not formally signed by the parties involved. Prior to the unification, the Somalia and Somaliland legislatures had approved two separate Acts of Union, there was considerable arguments over what the Acts should contain and the new National Assembly in Somalia Mogadishu approved it retrospectively.This and the new constitution based on the not too popular Act received much criticism and protest in the former British Somaliland, but any discontent was drowned by euphoria for unification and the lofty dreams of a "Greater Somalia". This by our perception became the albatross to the political crisis which began rocking the Horn.

Mogadishu became the country's capital, socioeconomic development, political considerations and military capacity were concentrated on Somalia while Somaliland found itself in economic and political isolation.

The imbalance became more pronounced when Mohammed Siad Barre seized power in 1969 and build a large and powerful army ostensibly to exert coercive authority over the nation through Human Rights violations, dictatorship, genocide against the dominant clan in Somaliland, intentional destruction of Hargeysa which is capital of the North(Somaliland) and continue massacre of Somalilanders.

This informed the growing discontent against the Barre regime and formation of several opposition movements prominent which is the Somali National Movement (SNM) and in 1991 Siad Barre was overthrown and Somalia was pitched into a State of anarchy and till now Somalia remain crisis ridden as all attempts to re-establish a central government have failed

 

The Republic of Somaliland declared itself independent from Somali Republic on 18th May,1991. Leaders of the SNM and elders of the Northern clans met at the "Grand Conference of The Northern People" in Burao where they officially revoked 1960 Act of Union and adopted the borders of the former British Protectorate.

 

*The

Conventional Justification Of Somaliland Independence*

The internationally acceptable criteria for statehood remain those set by the 1933 Montevideo convention and this includes :

I. A permanent Population

II. A defined territory

III. Government

IV. Capacity to enter relations with other States.

Definitely Somaliland meets up with this and other criteria expected to affirm a society's Statehood.

The population of the Republic of Somaliland is estimated to be approximately 4.5million despite a large proportion of the population being nomadic this has not affect the permanency or existence of population as defined by international law.

Somaliland territory is clearly defined as that of the former British Protectorate established by treaties in the late 19th century and reaffirmed when Somaliland acquired independence in 1960.

We make bold to say that the leadership structure, democratic values and administrative system of Somaliland is worthy of emulation and model exemplar suitable for Africa's development. Somaliland has a functioning Central Government which exercise effective control over the majority of its territory. It has several sets of elections deemed free and fair by international observers which was praised as a "peaceful expression of the popular will" it has  government institutions including a constitution approved by a popular vote, a democratically elected President, National parliament, local government and an independent judiciary.

Somaliland has entered into formal and informal arrangements with a wide variety of state and intergovernmental organisations with its representatives in the United Kingdom, Sweden, the United States, Djibouti, Kenya and Ethiopia deal with their host countries.

We are positive that the recognition of Somaliland will not only further the delivery of socioeconomic benefits to her people alone but to Africa and the global community at large.

Other parameters we consider vital of a model nation which are prominent in Somaliland includes patriotic citizens especially the youths who knows no country except Somaliland as the nationality and any attempt to subject this vibrant and conscious generation to a union alien to them will imply an annexure of their nation's Sovereignty.

The security system of Somaliland is notable as citizens go about their obligation and obey rules without coercion from the constituted authorities this is realized through the inculcating culture of peace in the citizens.

The natural resources embedded in Somaliland and her strategic position along the coastline of a landlocked region is not only advantageous to her but the world at large. We affirm that the mineral deposits in Somaliland if properly harnessed is capable of sustaining the entire Africa.

The African Youth Parliament consider it a travesty to continually attempt to subject the Sovereignty of this peaceful Nation to an incompatible alliance with a crisis ridden and terror prone State.

 

Our Recommendations

I.  That the African Union (AU), United Nations (UN)  and other State and Nonstate actors respect the territorial and political Sovereignty of the Republic of Somaliland.

II. That other countries should begin the process of commencing socioeconomic relationship with the Republic of Somaliland.

III. That 18th May be celebrated throughout Africa in commemoration of and in solidarity with Republic of Somaliland.

IV. Investors and corporate organization should commence feasibility studies and business tour of Somaliland for  mutually beneficial trades and economic relationship.

V.  That an internationally monitored referendum be conducted in Somaliland on the position of the citizens on her Sovereignty.

VI.The Government of Somaliland should advance her cause to the International Court of Justice.

VII.  The global Community should join and support the African Youth Parliament on our awareness and solidarity campaign tagged #AYP_Somaliland_to_the_World.

 

The African Youth Parliament shall continue to support the cause of justice and support the Republic of Somaliland in her quest for the political recognition of her Sovereignty.

 

 Viva Africa

Signed:

Rt.hon.Bamikole Oladele Babs Speaker, African Youth Parliament

 

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